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Tod Anthony Ragsdale, PhD
Socioeconomics, Environment,
Development Anthropology

Resettlement Specialist

1954 Columbia Road, NW, #203,
Washington, DC 20009, USA

Telephone: +1 202 265-6758
Mobile Telephone: +1 202 207-6830
Fax: +1 202 265-6823
E-mail: TARagsdale@aol.com

see close-up of photo
Specialty Areas Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), Social Impact Assessment (SIA), Resettlement Action Plans (RAP), Indigenous and Minority Peoples Development Plans (IPDP/MPDP) — Preparation, Evaluation, Monitoring. Hydropower and other Large Infrastructure Private Sector and Multilateral Agency Development. Community Development, Social Funds, Rural Water and Sanitation, Public Health, Irrigation, Education, Social Forestry.

Key Qualifications

Tod A. Ragsdale, PhD has more than 25 years of experience in socioeconomics, and applied environment and development anthropology. He has worked for the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank, and JICA, as well as for consulting and engineering firms (Morrison Knudsen, Harza, Electricité de France, SOGREAH, Worley, Meritec, Maunsell, Electrowatt, Fichtner, Nippon Koei, Oriental Consultants, Northwest Hydaulic Consultants, Nexant), on socioeconomic, cultural and environmental issues surrounding some twenty large-scale development projects. These projects have included Resettlement in, inter alia, India, China, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Philippines, Tajikistan, Jordan, Somalia, and Zambia. Dr. Ragsdale's Services encompass project preparation, supervision, monitoring, and evaluation. His experience also includes social impact assessment for urban electrification, community development, social funds, indigenous and minority peoples’ development plans, rural water and sanitation, public health, irrigation, education, and social forestry. He has also been a member of several ADB Panels of Experts (POEs) in South, Southeast and Eastern Asia. Dr. Ragsdale has highly developed leadership, research, analytical, and writing skills.

In addition to being a Principal and Co-Founder of MESAS, Dr. Ragsdale has been concurrently a Principal Consultant for PriceWaterhouseCoopers's Management Consulting Services (MCS); Social Development Specialist on the Independent Panel of Experts for the Nam Leuk Hydroelectric Project and for the Zhejiang Shanxi Water Supply Project in Wenzhou, China; conducting a social impact assessment as part of the JICA funded feasibility study of the Nam Ngiep 1 Hydropower Project; involved in the World Bank-funded Hydropower Strategy Study in the Lao PDR; and conducting a Resettlement Action Plan preparation for the ADB-funded Zhanghewan Pumped Storage Project in the PRC, in collaboration with the National Research Center for Resettlement (NRCR) in Nanjing, China.

Education and Training

Doctor of Philosophy in Interdisciplinary South Asia Studies, 1979, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina.

Bachelor of Arts in Modern European History, 1964, University of California, Berkeley.

Other training has included: Attendance ADB Involuntary Resettlement Training, Hanoi (2007); Conducted Resettlement Management Training Workshop for Greater Mekong Region ADB Resident Mission staff and Cambodian officials, Phnom Penh, Cambodia (2003); Training in Resettlement Management, Asian Development Bank, Manila (2001); Economic Development Institute, Resettlement & Rehabilitation (R & R) Training at World Bank (1989); Duke University, Program in South Asia Studies (1970-73); American Institute of Indian Studies Summer Language Program Fellowship in Hindi, in New Delhi, India (1971); and American Peace Corps Language Training, Nepali (1965).

International Work Experience Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, Lao PDR, China PDR, Vietnam, Thailand, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Tajikistan, Jordan, Somalia, Zambia, Philippines, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia
Languages Fluent English and Nepali, familiarity with Hindi/Urdu, French, Spanish, Italian, and Mandarin Chinese

Employment History

July 1995 to Present Date. Multinational Environment and Social Assessment Services (MESAS), Washington DC.
Position Held And Description Of Duties:  
Principal and Co-Founder: Consulting assignments on social impacts assessment & mitigation, including involuntary resettlement: ADB, World Bank, Engineering firms. Involuntary resettlement and indigenous peoples project support and policy compliance review for ADB; on the ground formulation of Resettlement Plans (RPs) and Ethnic Minority Development Plans (EMDPs) in throughout Asia; membership in Panel of Experts, SE and E Asia.

July 1994 to June 1995. Ragsdale Associates, Washington, DC.
Position Held And Description Of Duties:  Principal: Consulting assignments on social impacts assessment and mitigation, including involuntary resettlement for ADB, World Bank, Engineering Firms. Extensive operational experience in ADB & WB, having taken part in numerous project identification, project preparation, project appraisal and project supervision missions. (Involvement in some Projects carried through into MESAS).

July 1993 to July 1994. World Bank Resident Mission, New Delhi, India
Position Held And Description Of Duties:  Head of Resettlement and Rehabilitation Unit, establishing involuntary resettlement oversight capability for WB in India. Established, managed R&R Unit, supervised and trained a staff managing the country portfolio of some 16 projects affecting about 1 million villagers throughout India. Extensive travel throughout India and Nepal. Prepared comprehensive World Bank Resettlement and Rehabilitation in India Review (1994).

October 1991 to June 1993. Ragsdale Associates, Washington, DC.
Position Held And Description Of Duties:  Principal: Consulting assignments on social impacts assessment and mitigation, including involuntary resettlement for World Bank, Engineering Firms. Extensive operational experience in WB, having taken part in numerous project identification, project preparation, project appraisal and project supervision missions. Also UNDP Consultant Team Leader for Evaluation of Small-Scale Hill Irrigation, Social Forestry in Nepal.

June 1987 to September 1991. World Bank, Washington, DC.
Position Held And Description Of Duties:  Staff Consultant. Long term social assessment consultant: Research assignment, comprehensive review of World Bank involuntary resettlement comparing Staff Appraisal Reports with OED Evaluations. Extensive operational experience in numerous project identification, project preparation, project appraisal and project supervision missions.

January 1973 to May 1987. University of North Carolina At Chapel Hill, NC; International Labour Organization (ILO), Geneva, Switzerland; Duke University, Durham, NC.  Position Held And Description Of Duties: Graduate Student, completion of graduate studies, conducting case study Ph.D. field research in Nepal, Dissertation was published in 1989, as Once a Hermit Kingdom: Ethnicity, Education, and National Integration in Nepal (New Delhi: Manohar Publishers); Instructor at Duke University and at North Carolina State University in Raleigh, NC; Team Leader, Research Associate designed and managed USAID funded socio-demographic survey of 100,000 resettled nomads in Somalia at University of North Carolina's Center for Population Studies; Consultant, for ILO Case Study of Planned Resettlement of Nomads in Somalia.

April 1965 to December 1972. Peace Corps Volunteer, Nepal; Travel; Graduate School, Duke University.  Position Held And Description Of Duties: American Peace Corps Volunteer, NEPAL (1965–68), community development. Established town planning and community development program in urban community in Eastern Nepal; supervised road construction for access road to town; set up public health campaign for preventative medicine, with display in local fairs, dissemination of public health materials, and construction of septic tank for local hotel. Extensive travel from Kathmandu-London, USA. Graduate School studies, Duke University (1969–1972).

Professional Experience 2010: ADB: TA7432: SECOND CHITTAGONG HILL TRACTS RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECT, BANGLADESH, Social Safeguards and Indigenous Peoples Specialist for ANZDEC Limited, New Zealand. Supporting ADB's Country Strategy and Program for Bangladesh, 2006–2010 by contributing to: (i) helping the rural poor, especially women and excluded groups by expanding their access to markets, and services and increasing their livelihood options; (ii) community participation (especially by women and disadvantaged groups) in designing and implementing projects; (iii) progressive devolution of responsibilities to local governments and communities to build capacity to plan, operate and maintain social and economic services; (iv) intensification, diversification, and value addition of crops to boost agricultural productivity and improve food security; and (v) strengthening farm-to-market linkages to raise rural incomes. 5 person months.

2009–2010: ADB ARMENIA TA NO. 7208-ARM, Preparing the North South Corridor Development Project. Safeguards Specialist. The investment program contributes to economic development and regional trade through a more efficient, safer, and sustainable transport network, including (i) 550-km of improved road sections in the corridor, (ii) modernized border and customs infrastructure and related facilities, and (iii) more efficient and effective road corridor management. Assessed Project’s LAR impact and in close consultation with EA, local governments, and affected people (AP), prepared a LAR Framework (LARF) addressing issues relevant to the Multitranche Financing Facility (MFF) as a whole and a LAR Plan (LARP) for each subproject under tranche 1 in accordance with the ADB’s Involuntary Resettlement Policy (1995), Operations Manual (OM) Section F2/OP & BP (2006), and relevant Armenia laws. Prepared short non-formal analysis of the way the program contributes to poverty reduction in line with national poverty reduction programs/policies; a preliminary assessment of impacts on Indigenous Peoples, the level of expected Land Acquisition and Resettlement (LAR) impacts, and expected impacts on poor, women or other vulnerable groups; assessment (IPSA); action plan for STI prevention along the road. 2.5 person months.

2009–2010: ADB: TA-7132 (IND): PREPARING THE INTEGRATED FLOOD AND RIVER EROSION MANAGEMENT PROJECT – ARUNACHAL PRADESH, INDIA. Social Development, Resettlement & Indigenous Peoples Specialist. Preparing an investment program to enhance integrated flood and riverbank erosion management in Arunachal Pradesh through: (i) strengthened institutional capacity for integrated flood and riverbank erosion management (IFREM) in the Water Resources Department (WRD) and in local communities in flood prone areas, and (ii) introducing cost-effective, sustainable and adaptive structural and non-structural measures for flood and riverbank erosion prevention and risk mitigation. Updated the safeguards frameworks and related plans prepared under the prior TA 4814 IND, and prepared/updated programs for institutional capacity building for agencies involved in social and environmental assessments and resettlement. 2.5 person months.

2008–2009: CITIZEN’S PROTECTIVE RESPONSE (CPR): SOCIO-ECONOMIC STUDY FOR BOWDEN/FAULKNER, WEST VIRGINIA, USA. Social Scientist for Multinational Environment and Social Services (MESAS, LLC) of Washington, DC. Assisted community to carry out socio-economic assessment of tourism industry based on trout stream affected by proposed private-industry limestone quarry. 4 person months.

2008: INTER RAO UES: EDF/PRICEWATERHOUSECOOPERS, ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL IMPACT STUDIES FOR KAMBARATA 1 & 2 HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT, KYRGYZSTAN. Social Development and Resettlement Specialist.  Creation of two separate dams: one about 70 meters high, the other roughly 270 meters high with a volume of about 112 million cubic meters. Located in a narrow granite gorge of the Naryn River, the dams will deliver hydroelectric power for the central Asian nation of Kyrgyzstan, a former republic in the Soviet Union. Prepared Social Impact Assessment (SIA) and Social Management Plan (SMP), for SOGREAH Consultants SAS. 2 person months.

2008: ADB: TA No. 7041-BAN, PARTICIPATORY SMALL SCALE WATER RESOURCES PROJECT. BANGLADESH. Safeguards Specialist. TA supported the Government's poverty reduction effort through improved water resources management while addressing diverse social and environmental concerns. It aimed to enhance agricultural and income growth and poverty reduction across the country through further institutionalizing the procedures and arrangements for small-scale water resources management systems with strong stakeholder consultation and coordination, adopting a demand-driven approach while ensuring long-term operation and maintenance sustainability through effective local resource mobilization. Performed quality control checks and finalized all safeguards related outputs prepared under the PPTA. Assisted in synthesis of outputs prepared by relevant specialist staff to develop safeguards framework and related plans as required under ADB policies on involuntary resettlement, indigenous peoples, and the environment considering the gender aspects. 1 person-month.

2008: ADB Loan No: TA-6262 (REG): ENHANCING THE DEVELOPMENT EFFECTIVENESS OF THE GREATER MEKONG SUBREGION ECONOMIC COOPERATION PROGRAM, GMS HIGHWAY EXPANSION PROJECT - THAILAND: FOUR-LANE HIGHWAY WIDENING PROJECT PHASE II. Resettlement Specialist. Review and assess the capacity of the executing agency (EA); Design and implement a consultation and participation program; Carry out a census of affected people, an asset inventory (or inventory of losses survey), landownership, usage and productivity assessments, and data on the existing economic and social condition of the affected people; Prepare a full Resettlement Plan. 2 person-months. 

2008: WORLD BANK:NORTHERN DELTA TRANSPORT DEVELOPMENT PROJECT (NDTDP).  VIET NAM. Resettlement, Social Support Specialist. Compilation and finalization of census and inventory results; Review and finalization of Resettlement Policy Framework; Review and finalization of Ethnic Minority Policy Framework; Preparation and finalization of Resettlement Plans/Resettlement Action Plans for specified sub-projects; Review and finalization of Social Impact Assessment; Coordination of any additional required field studies; Coordination and management of inputs of local specialists; Liaison with Project Management Unit – Waterways and World Bank. 1.5 person-months.

2008: ADB: TA 7642-LAO, NABONG -UDON THANI 500 KV PROJECT. LAOS. Social Specialist. Project consisted of two components: (i) acquisition by Electricité du Laos (EdL) from the Nam Ngum 2 project developer of the 27 kilometer (km)-long 500 kilovolt (kV) transmission line from Na Bong substation to the Thailand border, and (ii) construction of the 500/230 kV Na Bong substation in Lao PDR, the transmission line and substation to be used as a common transmission facility to evacuate power from the Nam Ngum 2, Nam Ngum 3, Nam Theun 1, and Nam Ngiep 1 hydropower projects, which have a total capacity of over 1,800 MW Carried out due diligence on Nam Ngum 2, Thai portion of transmission line, Nam Ngum 3, Nam Ngiep 1 and Nam Theun 1; prepared social impact assessment to ADB social safeguards requirements; Prepared Resettlement Plan (RP) for substation; assessed HIV/AIDs and STD awareness programs. 2 person-months.

2007–2008: ADB: TA-34355-01 VIE, CENTRAL REGION URBAN ENVIRONMENTAL IMPROVEMENT PROJECT (CRUEIP), VIET NAM. Resettlement Specialist. Black & Veatch (International) Ltd (BVI) Reviewing work done on Resettlement consulting and preparation of special report, including recommendations aimed at ensuring BVI’s performance in the area of resettlement consulting is adequate and in line with our Consulting Contract requirements. Working with Local Resettlement Specialist to set up a focused reporting system enabling Team Leader to monitor monthly progress on resettlement, prepared on a quantitative basis based on easily accessible data. Preparing and implementing further Training on Resettlement Monitoring: Objective of 2 day seminar, combined in Hue, making clear to Project Management Units (PMUs) requirements, particularly of the ADB, for resettlement monitoring, for resettlement staff from each PMU plus Project Coordinating Unit (PCU). 1.5 person-months. 

2007: ADB: TA NO 4763-INO, METROPOLITAN SANITATION MANAGEMENT AND HEALTH PROJECT (MSMHP), INDONESIA. Resettlement Specialist. Black & Veatch (International) Ltd (BVI) Develop the MSMHP to a level of detail suitable for consideration by the ADB for funding, preparing city sanitation strategies (CSS) for up to five large cities and subproject appraisal reports (SPARS) for up to three of these cities, preparing implementation support and institutional development programs. Specific activities Assess the need for land acquisition in the Project and if required preparing resettlement framework RF) for project in accordance with ADB requirements. 1.5 person-months. 

2006–2010. ADB Loan No: VIE 29296-01, PHUOC HOA WATER RESOURCES, VIET NAM. Resettlement Specialist, Team Leader; Social Support Specialist.. Black & Veatch (Overland Park, KS, USA). Providing Resettlement Planning and Implementation Support. Review the approved Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plans.  Assist Project Management Units (PMUs) in implementing the Resettlement Plans, following ADB Resettlement Policy, with a focus on community consultation, entitlement review, compensation assessment, and grievance procedures. 12 person-months.

2006: ADB: TA-4690 VIE, STRENGTHENING INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY OF LOCAL STAKEHOLDERS FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF SON LA LIVELIHOOD AND RESETTLEMENT PLAN, VIET NAM. Resettlement Specialist, Team Leader. ADB Staff Consultant. Reviewing Master Resettlement Plan and District Resettlement and Livelihood activities prepared by the Government and identifying areas for improvement; developing comprehensive resettlement and livelihood framework; conducting training need assessment at the commune, district, province and national level for government, mass organization and community leaders for collecting quality data for preparing social analysis, resettlement plan, and livelihood activities, implementation of resettlement plan and livelihood activities; preparing modules based on the needs assessment, preparing Master Training Plan in coordination with national consultants; developing mechanism effective consultation and grievance process. 4 person-months, Intermittent. (2 person-months).

2006. ASIA ENERGY, PCL (LONDON): PHULBARI COAL PROJECT: ESIA FOR COAL TRANSPORTATION, BANGLADESH. Resettlement/SIA Principal.. SMEC Services Pty Ltd, Australia. Responsible for ensuring the social aspects of the ESIA are prepared to Government of Bangladesh and Asian Development Bank standards; preparing a Resettlement Plan to Government of Bangladesh and Asian Development Bank Standards; overseeing the establishment and maintenance of socio-economic and resettlement databases. 2.5 person-months.

2005–2008. ADB: Loan No 1941-Ban (SF), JAMUNA-MEGHNA RIVER EROSION & MANAGEMENT PROJECT (JMREMP), BANGLADESH.International Resettlement Specialist. Northwest Hydraulic Consultants Ltd. (nhc), Edmonton. (i) Supervision of Resettlement Plan (RP) implementation; (ii) Setting up and directing working committees assisting in the preparation of the Land Acquisition (LA) and RP; (iii) Ensuring that the LA and RP are consistent with ADB’s involuntary resettlement and other social safeguard policies; (iv) Clarifying and defining key issues related to land compensation as a guide to compensation payment; (v) Assisting in conducting information campaigns on the RP policy and framework, convening consultation meetings with the various stakeholders, and disclosure of the RP to the APs and communities; (vi) Preparation of RP in a form suitable to both ADB and the Government of Bangladesh (GOB); (vii) On the basis of external review report, devising specific measures to address any identified constraints on the resettlement issues; (viii) Reviewing and assessing the implementation of Social Development Program (SDP); (ix) Preparing progress reports and other documentation as required to keep ADB informed regarding the status of RP preparation and implementation. 3 person-months. 

2005–2006. JICA: UPGRADING FEASIBILITY STUDY ON UPPER SETI (DAMAULI) STORAGE HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT, NEPAL. Social Environmental Expert. Nippon Koei, Tokyo. Review and updating of existing EIA for proposed 122 MW storage hydropower dam; preparing Resettlement Plan (RP) and Social Action Plan (SAP) through preparing TOR for and overseeing sub consultant field work. Six visits 2005–2006. 6 person-months. 

2005: ADB GTA 6227-REG, GMS North-South Economic Corridor Bridge Project, Lao PDR, Thailand. Senior Resettlement Specialist. Oriental Consultants, Tokyo. Reviewing Resettlement Safeguard Policies of Laos & Thai Governments to be applied to Mekong River Bridge at Houayxai (Laos) and Chieng Khong (Thailand); Developing Suitable Environmental Mitigation Measures to Construction Impacts Based on Initial Environmental Evaluation (EIA); Assessing Need for Road Safety Measures & Identify Appropriate Measures; Identifying & Preparing Socioeconomic Profiles of Affected Communities in Project Area. 0.5 person-months. (2005)

2005: ADB PPTA: BAN36107-01 POWER SECTOR DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM II, BANGLADESH, Thailand. Social and Resettlement Specialist. Nexant, Inc, San Francisco. Preparing Initial Poverty and Social Analysis (IPSA) to assess the direct and indirect effects on poor and vulnerable groups of the proposed reform policy, such as tariff increase, mandatory meter installation, and labor rationalization with recommended mitigation. Identifying impact on indigenous peoples, and preparing appropriate Indigenous Peoples Plan, as necessary. Preparing Resettlement Plans, as required. 2.5 person-months. (2005)

2005: ADB Loan No: 1941-Ban (SF), JAMUNA-MEGHNA RIVER EROSION & MANAGEMENT PROJECT (JMREMP), BANGLADESH. International Resettlement Specialist. Northwest Hydraulic Consultants Ltd. (nhc), Edmonton. (i) Supervision of Resettlement Plan (RP) implementation; (ii) Setting up and directing working committees assisting in the preparation of the Land Acquisition (LA) and RP; (iii) Ensuring that the LA and RP are consistent with ADB's involuntary resettlement and other social safeguard policies; (iv) Clarifying and defining key issues related to land compensation as a guide to compensation payment; (v) Assisting in conducting information campaigns on the RP policy and framework, convening consultation meetings with the various stakeholders, and disclosure of the RP to the APs and communities; (vi) Preparation of RP in a form suitable to both ADB and the Government of Bangladesh (GOB); (vii) On the basis of external review report, devising specific measures to address any identified constraints on the resettlement issues; (viii) Reviewing and assessing the implementation of Social Development Program (SDP); (ix) Preparing progress reports and other documentation as required to keep ADB informed regarding the status of RP preparation and implementation. 3 person-months. (2005)

2004–2005: ADB LOAN NO: LAO 34231-01, GREATER MEKONG SUBREGION: NORTHERN ECONOMIC CORRIDOR PROJECT, LAO PDR. Social Specialist. Oriental Consultants, Tokyo. Preparation of Social Action Plan (SAP) and training 20-member field team in Resettlement Plan (RP) implementation. The project scope includes upgrading the existing 220 kilometer road between Houayxay to Boten, Lao PDR, capacity building for the provincial level officials in implementation and monitoring SAP and RP for nearly forty ethnic minorities in the region. 10.25 person-months. (2004–2005)

2004–2013: ADB LOAN NO.: NEP 31624-02, MELAMCHI WATER SUPPLY PROJECT, NEPAL. Social Specialist, Panel of Social and Environmental Experts. Melamchi Water Board, Kathmandu. Periodic, comprehensive and independent review of the Project's social mitigation and monitoring activities during the construction phase. The main objectives of the Project are to alleviate the chronic water shortage in Katmandu Valley on a sustainable, long-term basis, and to improve the health and well-being of its inhabitants. The Project also seeks to develop a comprehensive institutional framework for water resource management within the valley. It involves the transfer of water from the Melamchi Valley into Katmandu Valley through a diversion scheme with a 26 kilometer tunnel. The Project comprises (i) infrastructure development; (ii) social and environmental support; (iii) institutional reforms; and (iv) project implementation support. 6 person-months. (2004–2007)

2003: ADB TA 4078-CAM: Cambodia Rural Electrification & Transmission Project. Resettlement Expert. Australian Power and Water Pty Ltd, Updating socioeconomic profiles, project affected communities, including gender, ethnic minorities, preparing full RP, including full census and inventory (incorporated into GIS), resettlement effects, entitlements matrix, income restoration through sustainable development, regional development analysis, grievance mechanisms and appeal procedures, disclosure, stakeholder participation, and summary RP for ADB’s RRP. 3 person-months. (2003)

2003: ADB. Mekong Region Resettlement Management Traininng, Cambodia. Workshop Designer, Organizer and Presenter, Staff Consultant/Social Policy and Resettlement Specialist. Phnom Penh, Cambodia 20-22 October 2003. Organized and conducted 3 day Training Workshop for Cambodian officials and for ADB Resident Mission staff from Cambodia, Vietnam, and the Lao PDR. (2003)

2003: ADB TA NO 3755-BAN: Road Network Improvement & Maintenance II, Bangladesh, Poverty & Social Analysis & Resettlement Expert. Meritec (Maunsell), Developing Socioeconomic Profiles of districts along 300km of feeder roads and 200 km regional and national roads.Initial Social Impact Analysis including identification of land requirement, involuntary resettlement and the steps required to mitigate. Summary resettlement and rehabilitation action plan. Detailed investment plan in selected potential project areas to strengthen sub-national road networks and bottlenecks on national roads. 4 person-months. (2003)

2000–2003: ADB LOAN: PRC 31182-01: Zhejiang-Shanxi Water Supply Project (Phases I&II). International POE, Resettlement Expert. Shanxi Economic Development Company, Wenzhou, PRC, ADB-Financed. Resettlement – International Panel of Experts. Benefit, Monitoring and Evaluation of Resettlement Program. Preparation and analysis of benchmark or baseline information, including poverty alleviation, monitoring of benefits during implementation and after completion of the project and evaluation of benefits of the completed project, with stakeholder participation. Two dams with major inundation areas involving Resettlement of 37,000 primarily Han population. 3 person-months. (2000–2003)

2001–2002: ADB RSC C20347-PHI: Social Safeguard Compliance Support and Capacity Building, Manila, Social Safeguard Specialist. Provided, as an ADB staff consultant, involuntary resettlement and indigenous peoples project support and policy compliance review for Asia/Pacific. Carried out involuntary resettlement and indigenous peoples policy compliance review of RPs, including Entitlement Matrix, Budgets and technical assistance in Project preparation and implementation of social analysis for proposed ADB Projects in Greater Mekong Sub-Region, including for Lao PDR with field visit for evaluation of Secondary Towns development project September 2001. Drafted indigenous peoples chapter for ADB’s Atlas of the Greater Mekong Subregion, assisted in drafting ADB’s new Operational Manual on Resettlement (OMF2). 7 person-months.

January – May 2000: ADB financed feasibility study Se San 3 Hydropower Project, Vietnam. For Worley Engineers, New Zealand. Preparation of Social Impact Assessment (SIA) and Minority Peoples Development Plan (MPDP).

2002: Staff Consultancy, Asian Development Bank, Manila, Philippines for Involuntary Resettlement Project Support and Capacity Building.
July – October 2002.
Staff Consultancy, Asian Development Bank, Manila, Philippines for Involuntary Resettlement Project Support and Capacity Building. Including ADB involuntary resettlement and indigenous peoples policy compliance review; upgrading ADB’s section 50 on involuntary resettlement in the Operations Manual, Bank Policy (OP), Operational Procedures (OP), and Guidelines on Operational Procedures (GP), still in process; and preparation of indigenous peoples chapters in ADB’s upcoming Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Environmental Atlas; July 25th Workshop on Indigenous Peoples/Ethnic Minorities and Poverty Reduction in the Philippines.

August – November 2001. Including Review and On-Site Supervision of resettlement plans Laos, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Philippines and other Asian countries. Ongoing, W. Bengal Corridor Project, Sri Lanka Southern Transport desk reviews. Aug-Sept – Field visit review of Secondary towns Urban Development Project, ADB Loan 1525-Lao (SF).

2001–2002: JICA-Financed Kulekhani III Hydropower Project Feasibility Upgrading, Nepal. Social EnvironmentSpecialist. For Nippon Koei Engineers, design and carrying out (preparation of TOR, hiring and supervision of domestic consultant) of rapid assessment and detailed socioeconomic survey and census of affected community, largely ethnic minority Tamang but also high caste Brahmin/Chetri and Newar. Prepared RP, social action plan, and stakeholder analysis/public consultation program based on extensive fieldwork and regional and village level public consultation workshops, for updating of existing Nepal Electricity Authority Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), preparing program for detailed design studies. Prepared socioeconomic profiles project affected communities using Geographic Information Systems (GIS), including gender, ethnic minorities, preparing full RP, including full census and inventory, resettlement effects, entitlements matrix, regional development analysis, income restoration, sustainable development, grievance mechanisms and appeal procedures, disclosure, stakeholder participation, and summary RP.  6 person-months.

2000: ADB PPTA 3222-VIE Phase II - Environmental, Social and Technical Analysis for Se San 3 Hydropower Project, Vietnam. Team Leader, Sociologist. Feasibility Study, Worley (Meritec, Maunsell) Engineers, New Zealand. Prepared Socioeconomic profile using both participatory rapid assessment and socioeconomic survey methodologies, including dis-aggregation by gender, and census, as well as prepared Minority Peoples Development Plan. 4 person-months.

2001: World Bank-Financed Nam Theun 2 Hydropower Project Preparation Studies. July 2001. Resettlement Specialist. Updating Resettlement Action Plan (RAP). Meritec Engineers (New Zealand). [Postponed]

ADB-Financed, Zhejiang Shanxi Water Supply Project (Phase I). July 2000 – 2002. Resettlement Panel, Resettlement Expert. SEDC, Wenzhou, PRC. Reviewing implementation of 70,000 Person Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) in Zhejiang Province, as member of experts' panel, through field visits and survey of documentation.

2000: TA-3207-TAJ Power Sector Development Study. June – July 2000. ADB, Tajikistan, Electrowatt Engineers. Preparation of Social Impact Assessment (SIA) and Poverty Alleviation Action Plan.

2000: ADB financed feasibility study Se San 3 Hydropower Project, Vietnam. January – May 2000. For Worley Engineers, New Zealand. Preparation of Social Impact Assessment (SIA) and Minority Peoples Development Plan (MPDP).

1999: International Resources Group (IRG), Washington, DC. April 1999 to Present. Task Leader for Environmental and Social Assessments of the Private Sector Hydropower Development Project of the Electricity Develop Centre, Ministry of Water Resources, Nepal. Preparing Social Impact Assessment (SAP) guidelines for private hydropower development in Nepal.

1999: Worley Engineers, New Zealand. April 1999 to Present. Sociologist for the World Bank-funded Lao Hydropower Development Strategy Study in the Lao PDR. Development of Social Impact Criteria for Ranking of Hydropower Projects and Preparation of National Guidelines For Hydropower Development Related Resettlement, Social Participation, Social Action Plans.

1999: Harza Engineers, Chicago, IL. January 1999 to Present. R Resettlement Consultant for the ADB Feasibility Study of the Zhanghewan Pumped Storage Project, Shirjiazhuang, Hebei Province, Peoples Republic of China. Preparation of Resettlement Action Plan (RAP).

1998: Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). August 1998-Present. Social and Environment Expert Study Team for Nam Ngiep-1 Hydroelectric Power Project in the LAO PDR. Preparation of Social Impact Assessment (SIA), Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) and Indigenous Peoples Development Plan (IPDP).

1998: Asian Development Bank, Sociological Advisor, Yunnan Dachaoshan Power Transmission Project (Yunnan Province). January/June, 1998. Prepared and supervised socio-economic survey and assisted in development of Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) for Dachaoshan Hydrelectric Power Station, China.

1997: PriceWaterhouseCoopers LLP, Principal Consultant, for Management Consulting Services (MCS). 1997-Present. Dr. Ragsdale has prepared the Environmental and Social Framework for the World Bank-financed Private Sector Infrastructure Development Company (PSIDC) in Sri Lanka and will advise PSIDC on social assessment processing of its infrastructure projects through the year 2002; and supervised preparation of Draft Environmental and Social Assessment Guidelines Manual for Bangladesh Infrastructure Development Company (BIDC).

1997–2000: Independent Panel of Experts, Nam Leuk Hydropower Project, Vientiane, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, Social Development Specialist member of the Panel of Experts. Dr. Ragsdale's assignment is to oversee on behalf of the Lao PDR Government and the Asian Development Bank the social impacts of the project and the implementation of social development programs, including a conservation and development program in the Phuo Khao Khouay National Biodiversity Conservation Area, where the project is located, through a fund set up from electricity sales. Provided oversight for Electricite du Laos (EdL) and ADB during Project construction of social impacts, including involuntary resettlement. Carried out social analysis to determine unforeseen direct or indirect social impacts and coordinating public participation and information dissemination to promote meaningful input from all stakeholders, especially local residents, to assure that issues they raised were appropriately addressed.  Included introduction of HIV Aids program on POE’s recommendation, through Lao Women’s Union, as part of Social Action Plan. The POE reports are posted at ADB’s Internet webpage at: http://www.adb.org/Documents/Profiles/LOAN/namleuk/namleuk/namleuk.htm
6 person-months.

1995–2000: ADB: PPTA PRC28212-03 AND TA 2477-PRC, HEBEI ZHANGHEWAN PUMPED STORAGE PROJECT, PEOPLES REPUBLIC OF CHINA (PRC). Resettlement Specialist. As consultant for Harza Engineers, provided technical assistance to Hebei Electric Power Corporation (HEPC) for social analysis in preparation of RP to international standards and in compliance with ADB policies and guidelines for relocation of  seven villages under three townships, Prepared socioeconomic profiles, project affected communities, including gender, ethnic minorities, preparing full RP, including full census and inventory, resettlement effects, entitlements matrix, grievance mechanisms and appeal procedures, disclosure, stakeholder participation, and summary RP for ADB RRP. 5.5 person-months.

Multinational Environment and Social Assessment Services (MESAS), Principal. July 1995-present.

  • Dr. Ragsdale carried out the social assessment for the Power Sector Environmental Impact Assessment for the World Bank Power Rehabilitation Project, including initiating a resettlement rehabilitation program for the over 50,000 Gwembe Tonga tribals displaced by the Kariba Hydropower Dam built in the late 1950s.

  • In China, Dr. Ragsdale made initial impact assessments for the Asian Development Bank of social impacts of the Hongjiadu Hydroelectric (Guizhou Province) and Zhanghewan Pumped Storage (Hebei Province) Projects and for Harza Engineering (Chicago) and Electricitie de France supervised resettlement planning for the latter project.

  • In India, Dr. Ragsdale supervised World Bank projects, including the National Thermal Power Corporation's (NTPC) Power Generation Project (PGP); the Hyderabad Water Supply and Sanitation Project (Andhra Pradesh), the Upper Krishna II Irrigation Project (Karnataka), Nathpa Jakhri Hydroelectric Power Project (Himichal Pradesh);,Lower Periyar Hydroelectric Project (Kerala), the Coal Sector Rehabilitation Project; and the Tamil Nadu Urban Development Project. Dr. Ragsdale's NTPC oversight assignments included project preparation and supervision missions for: Farakka (W. Bengal), Talcher (Orissa), Dhadri (Uttar Pradesh), Korba (Madhya Pradesh), Ramagundam (Andhra Pradesh), Singrauli (Uttar Pradesh), Rihand (Uttar Pradesh), and Vindhyachal (Madhya Pradesh) Super Thermal Power Stations.

  • Dr. Ragsdale participated in the ADB's fact finding mission for the Kali Gandaki ‘A' Hydropower Project in Nepal, where he participated in the Pre-Board Preparation Mission for the Arun III Hydroelectric Dam and prepared the draft management response to the World Bank Inspectorate comments on the Arun III. Dr. Ragsdale has also prepared bids for social assessment and resettlement work for Harza Consulting Engineers, on the Nam Theun 2 Hydroelectric Project in Laos, where he made an in-country visit as bid finalists for preparing Environmental Assessment and Management Plan (EAMP), and for the Langtan Hydropower Project (70,000 resettlement) in Guangzhou, Guangdong Provinces, China.

  • World Bank, Resident Mission at New Delhi, India, Resettlement And Rehabilitation (R&R) Team Leader, July 1993-July 1994 in India, supervising and training a staff for managing the country portfolio of some sixteen projects affecting about a million villagers throughout India. The assignment included, inter alia, identification of Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) and other agencies for Resettlement Action Plan (RAPs) surveys, design, and implementation; institutional strengthening for preparing RAPs; establishment of monitoring and evaluation (M&E) and Geographic Information System (GIS)-based RAP information management systems; public participation strategies; and review of land acquisition, compensation, and income generation programs across India. The assignment concluded with preparation of a comprehensive World Bank review, Resettlement and Rehabilitation in India: A Status Update of Projects Involving Resettlement, 2 Vols. (Apr 1994).

Ragsdale Associates, Social Assessment Consultant. September 1990 through June 1993.

  • Dr. Ragsdale participated in a Pre-appraisal mission for NTPC which included recommendations and TOR for establishing an Environment and Social Unit in NTPC and for meeting World Bank guidelines for resettlement, including a comprehensive 'retrofitting' R&R program for population displacement occurring prior to the loan period. Extensive supervision missions included, inter alia, identification of NGOs for R&R implementation; institutional strengthening and training recommendations; implementation of a Geographic Information Systems (GIS) based computerized Acquisition and Resettlement Management System (ARMS); assessment of income generating and livelihood schemes; technical assistance for preparation of socioeconomic surveys and public participation strategies; identification of appropriate research institutions for carrying out socioeconomic surveys; and review of socioeconomic surveys and of R&R programs for each Super Thermal Power Project (STTP) site.

  • Dr. Ragsdale was involved in the planning, supervision and evaluation of virtually all of the social impact assessment and planning for Nepal's major hydroelectric schemes, including the Kulekhani, Marsyangdi, Karnali-Chisopani, Upper Arun, Arun III, Pancheswar and Kali Gandaki; and he co-authored Nepal: Land Acquisition and Resettlement Profile. Background Report. Washington, DC: World Bank (1991). As the Resettlement Specialist for the Arun III Hydroelectric project preparation, Dr. Ragsdale participated in the project appraisal, the project pre-appraisal, and the project preparation missions, included preparing Global Environmental Facility (GEF) proposal for Makalu-Barun National Park and Conservation Area in upper Arun Valley and terms of reference for and supervision of King Mahendra Trust Arun III Basinwide Environmental and Socioeconomic Impacts Study.

  • As Resettlement Specialist for Sardar Sarovar Dam and Power Project, Water Delivery and Drainage Project in India, Dr. Ragsdale led a team monitoring World Bank benchmarks to avoid Project suspension, was a member of a post-Independent Review (the Sardar Sarover Morse Report of 1992) team to India to map World Bank strategy for the project, and reviewed Canal Affected People (CAP) Issues. Dr. Ragsdale's assignments included policy and legislation review; field work for monitoring ongoing R&R programs; and regular reports to World Bank management appraising them of progress in meeting established R&R benchmarks.

  • As Resettlement Specialist for the Upper Arun Hydroelectric Project, in Nepal for World Bank and Morrison Knudsen Corporation, Dr. Ragsdale conducted field research to make EIA recommendations for social impacts and population displacement mitigation measures, including design changes of access road to minimize agricultural land take. As the Resettlement Specialist for the Pancheswar Multipurpose Project Resettlement Study in Nepal for the World Bank and Morrison Knutsen Corporation, Dr. Ragsdale made a two week trekking reconnaissance field survey and report up the inaccessible Mahakali River in Far Western Nepal. His report included still photography and video that illustrated potential social and population displacement impacts from helicopter flyover and from ground perspective within the reservoir communities. Dr. Ragsdale's team of two Nepalese anthropologists quantified assets losses as well as community and population displacement within the 110 km long reservoir area, on the Nepalese side of the border. The final report recommended measures for a future socioeconomic survey including TOR.

  • Dr. Ragsdale was the Team Leader and Institutions Specialist for the UNDP/ILO Special Public Works Programs (SPWP) and Capacity Building Project in Department of Irrigation in Nepal, making extensive field visit across Nepal to assess the ILO's hill irrigation programs in Nepal and of traditional institutions managing hill irrigation and to make recommendations for institutional strengthening and future policy initiatives.

  • Dr. Ragsdale was also the Team Leader and Institutions Specialist for the Community Forestry Evaluation Mission in Nepal for the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). Dr. Ragsdale carried out an evaluative review of the UNDP program for community forestry in Nepal, including extensive field visits across Nepal, interviews with forestry officials at all levels and with other agencies involved in forestry programs in Nepal, a country-wide review of forestry institutions, and extensive recommendations for institutional strengthening and legal and policy changes to improve community forestry in Nepal.

  • World Bank, Washington, DC, Long-term Social Assessment Consultant, April 1987 through July 1990, in the Environment Assessments and Programs Division (ENVAP), participating in various projects in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, India for resettlement/rehabilitation components of Bank projects on preparation, supervision, evaluation missions. Researching and writing comprehensive review of resettlement in Bank-financed projects.

Pre-1987

Consultant for Demographic and Socio-economic Context of Planned Population Redistribution of Nomads, Somalia for International Labour Organization (ILO), Geneva, Switzerland, Dr. Ragsdale researched and co-authored book chapter reviewing the demographic and socioeconomic context of planned population redistribution of nomads to agricultural and fishing resettlement schemes in Somalia following the 1974 Sahel drought. Co-author with Abdullahi Scek Ali. "A Case Study of the Somalia Resettlement Program for Nomads," in A.S. Oberai, ed, Land Settlement Policies and Population Redistribution in Developing Countries: Achievements, Problems, and Prospects. NY: Praeger (1988).

Research Associate conducting Demographic Research for Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, from 1983 through 1984. Dr. Ragsdale managed a USAID-funded field survey and co-authored the final project report examining the demographic, social and economic impact of agricultural and fishing resettlement schemes for Somalia's nomadic population, designing socioeconomic survey questionnaire and sampling and field methodologies, recruiting and leading a 20 member survey team in four former-Nomad resettlement sites of nearly 100,000 population across Somalia, data processing and analysis, review of secondary and primary source materials, and final report writing, over a three year period. Dr. Ragsdale authored the Demographic and Socio-economic Context of Planned Population Redistribution of Nomads, Somalia for USAID and the Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA (1984).

Dr. Ragsdale has held teaching positions at Duke University, and North Carolina State University, Raleigh, was a Research Scholar, conducting Ph.D. ethnographic fieldwork and dissertation research of a tribal (Gurung) village in Western (published as Once a Hermit Kingdom: Ethnicity, Education, and National Integration in Nepal, New Delhi: Manohar Publishers, 1989) and was a community development American Peace Corps Volunteer in Nepal, where he established a town planning and community development program in urban community in Eastern Nepal, supervised road construction for an access road to town and established a public health campaign.

Technical Skills Extensive Computer Literacy, including, Microsoft Word, WordPerfect, Powerpoint, MS Project, Excel, Lotus, HTML Language; Internet, Hot Dog, Dreamweaver (Dr. Ragsdale is the MESAS site Web Master).

Publications

Select Publications and Papers Delivered

2001–1995 Minority People's Development Plan for Proposed Se San 3 Hydropower Project, Vietnam. Panel of Expert Reports for ADB-Financed, Zhejiang Shanxi Water Supply Project (Phase I). Environment and Social Framework for the World Bank-financed Private Sector Infrastructure Development Company (PSIDC) of Sri Lanka, October; Social Development Specialist, Panel of Experts Reports for Asian Development Bank-financed Nam Leuk Hydropower Project, Lao PDR; Resettlement Issues in China for WaterPower 97, August 1997 in Atlanta, Georgia, with John Bizer of Harza Engineering. World Bank, "Land Tenure Insecurity and Urban Electrification in Zambia," paper for AF1EI; August (1997);

Proposal for Development of Environmental and Social Assessment Capability for Community Power Corporation's Solar Power Operations in Indonesia (November 1996) "Discussion Paper Towards a Social and Environmental Mitigation Action Program For the Coal-Based Industrial and Energy Development of Singrauli Region, India," World Bank, SA2EG; (March 1996); "Training Material Based on Hyderabad Water Supply and Sanitation Project" for World Bank, Economic Development Institute (EDI), (February 1995). "Japanese Policy and Human Resources Development Fund Technical Assistance Funding Proposal," (April 1995).

1994 Contributing Author of Resettlement and Rehabilitation in India, A Status Update of Projects Involving Involuntary Resettlement. 2 Vols. India Department, South Asia Region, April 22.

1991 Co-author with Augusta Molnar, Land Acquisition and Resettlement: Issues and Procedures in Nepal. Draft Working Paper. Washington, DC: World Bank. February. Nepal: Resettlement Experience. Background report. Washington, DC: World Bank. January. "Socioeconomic Impacts of Upper Arun Hydroelectric Project, Nepal," for Morrison Knudsen Engineers, Feasibility Study. April. Book Review of Nanda R. Shrestha, Landlessness and Migration in Nepal. (Westview Press, 1990) for American Anthropologist. April. "Gurungs, Gorkhalis, Gurkhas: A Speculative Ethnohistory in Nepal," Contributions to Nepalese Studies. August. "Field Methods Seminar: Use of the Camcorder in Development Fieldwork," Abt Associates, Thursday, September 19.

1990 Nepal: Land Acquisition and Resettlement Profile. Background report. Washington, DC: World Bank. October. "Socioeconomic and Cultural Issues of the Pancheswar Multipurpose Project, Far Western Nepal," in Pancheswar Multipurpose Project Seminar of July 1989, Kathmandu, Nepal. Convened by Morrison Knudsen Corporation. "The Evaluation of Resettlement Planning and Implementation: Lessons of Experience from OED Reports," Draft Document. World Bank. Co-author with Amy O. Tsui, Aden I Shirwa, "The Settlement of Somali Nomads," Genus, June.

1990 "Gurungs, Goorkhalis, Gurkhas: Speculations on a Nepalese Ethno-History". Contributions To Nepalese Studies CNAS, Tribhuvan University, January 1990.
http://www.gurkhas.com/ShowArticle.aspx?ID=89

1989 Once a Hermit Kingdom: Ethnicity, Education and National Integration in Nepal. New Delhi: Manohar Publishers: New Delhi.

1988 Co-author with Abdullahi Scek Ali. "A Case Study of the Somalia Resettlement Program for Nomads," in A.S. Oberai, ed., Land Settlement Policies and Population Redistribution in Developing Countries: Achievements, Problems, and Prospects. NY: Praeger.

1984 "The Demographic and Socioeconomic Aspects of the Resettlement of Nomads in Somalia, Project Report," Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, NC.

1981 "The American Peace Corps and Public Health Education in Nepal," presented at the seminar on Comparative Studies in Rural Health, Center for International Studies, Duke University; 1979 "Ethnicity and Educational Change: The Gurungs of Nepal and the New Education Plan," Dissertation Abstracts, Ann Arbor, Michigan; 1977 "Military Education and Social Change Among the Gurungs of Nepal," presented at the Comparative and International Education Society annual meeting, New Orleans; 1975 "Patterns of Education and Literacy in a Village Panchayat of Central Nepal," Contributions to Nepalese Studies, Special Coronation Issue, vol. 2, no. 1, February.

Reports

2008. "Involuntary Meets Disaster Mitigation Resettlement: A Case Study from Erosion Mitigation on the Lower Brahmaputra/Jamuna River in Bangladesh"; RAGSDALE, Tod (MESAS, LLC); OBERHAGEMANN, Knut (nhc); and FAISAL, M. Amir (BWDB, Chief Resettlement Officer). Presented at the Expanding the Borders of Disaster-caused Displacement Research (INDR) Session of the 68th Annual Meeting of the Society for Applied Anthropology in Memphis, TN (The Public Sphere and Engaged Scholarship: Challenges and Opportunities for Applied Anthropology). March 28, 2008.

1997. "The Development of Resettlement Policy in China: Two Case Studies in Sichuan and Hebei Provinces"; RAGSDALE, Tod (Mesas, LLC) and BIZER, John (Harza Engineering). "Resettlement Issues in China". Presented at WaterPower 97 Conference, August 1997 in Atlanta, Georgia.

1996. "Nepal: Kali Gandaki "A" Hydropower Project (Proposed) Fact Finding Mission Completion Report," February. "China: Longtan Proposal Resettlement: Technical Proposal," March. "China: Detailed Outline of Resettlement Planning Report (1996) for Zhanghewan Pumped Storage Power Plant (ZPSPP)," July. "Laos: Proposal for Nam Theun 2 Preparation of Environmental Assessment and Management Plan," December.

1996. "Nepal: Kali Gandaki "A" Hydropower Project (Proposed) Fact Finding Mission Completion Report," February. "China: Longtan Proposal Resettlement: Technical Proposal," March. "China: Detailed Outline of Resettlement Planning Report (1996) for Zhanghewan Pumped Storage Power Plant (ZPSPP)," July. "Laos: Proposal for Nam Theun 2 Preparation of Environmental Assessment and Management Plan," December.

1995. "Japanese Policy and Human Resources Development Fund Technical Assistance Funding Proposal," April. Zambia: "Social Analysis section of Sectoral Environmental Assessment (SEA) and paper "Land Tenure Insecurity and Urban Electrification in Zambia." June-August, October. India: Training Material based on Hyderabad Water Supply and Sanitation Project and Midterm Project Review Mission progress report on the resettlement and rehabilitation planning process, January-March; December, September. China: "Preliminary Review of Resettlement Plans for Guizhou Hongjiadu Hydropower Project for ADB," June. China: "Preliminary Review of Resettlement Plans for Hebei Zhanghewan Pumped-Storage Project, for ADB, May. Washington, DC: Japanese Policy and Human Resources Development Fund Technical Assistance Funding Proposal; Discussion Paper "Towards a Social and Environmental Mitigation Action Program For the Coal-Based Industrial and Energy Development of Singrauli Region, India, March-April.

1994. R&R sections of Project Completion Report for Sardar Sarovar (Narmada) Dam and Power. Field trip, back to office, supervision reports for, inter alia, Upper Krishna II Irrigation Project; Hyderabad Water and Sanitation Project; six National Thermal Power Generation Project Thermal Power Plants (Farakka, Talcher, Rihand, Vindhyachal, Singrauli, Ramagundam); Kerala (Lower Periyar) Hydropower Project; Nathpa Jhakri Hydropower Project; and proposed Coal Sector Rehabilitation Project.

1992–93. Aide-Memoire, Arun III Appraisal Mission, Nepal, June 1993; Monitoring Report, Sardar Sarovar, Narmada, April 1993. Back-to-Office Report, September 22, Sardar Sarovar Dam and Power Project (Cr. 1552/Ln. 2497-IN) and Water Delivery and Drainage Project (Cr. 1553-IN) Supervision Mission; Back-to-Office Report, May 9: World Bank Supervision and Pre-Appraisal Resettlement under Thermal Power Projects Ramagundam, Farakka, Korba and Talcher and Pre-appraisal of Electric Power Systems Project, March 16 to April 19, 1992; Mission Evaluation Mission Report on Special Public Works Programs (SPWP), NEP/85/009 and Capacity Building in the Department of Irrigation, NEP/90/034 for UNDP, March.

1991. Aide Memoire socioeconomic & environment components for IDA Power Subsector Missions to Nepal, February-April; July-August -- continuation of work from 1988-90; Aide Memoire, preparation of Global Environment Facility for creation of Makalu-Barun National Park in Nepal, November- December; "Narmada River Development (Gujarat) Sardar Sarovar Projects: Review of Canal Affected People (CAP) Issues," India, December.

1990. Aide Memoire socioeconomic & environment components for IDA Power Subsector Missions to Nepal, February-April and July; Team leader, Evaluation Report UNDP/FAO mission, Community Forestry, Nepal, November-December; Team leader, fieldwork and preparation for Marsyangdi Watershed Management Plan component of Yellow Cover Appraisal of Power Sector Efficiency Project, Nepal. World Bank; Team leader, Socioeconomic and Resettlement Reconnaissance Field Survey, Pancheswar Multipurpose Project, Pre-feasibility Studies. Morrison Knudsen Corporation; Biosystems Analysis, Inc., San Francisco and Tiburon, CA.

1989. Aide Memoire components for IDA Power Subsector Missions to Nepal, April-May. Supervision Marsyangdi, Karnali, Arun III. Participated in negotiations and writing TOR for King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation contract for Arun III: Management of Basinwide Environmental Impacts Study; Inception Report, June, components on socioeconomics and resettlement, Pancheswar Multipurpose Project, pre-feasibility. Morrison Knudsen Corporation; Biosystems Analysis, Inc. San Francisco and Tiburon, CA.

1988. Report for IDA Power Subsector Mission to Nepal, January - February. Reviewing status of resettlement covenants of DCA for Marsyangdi Hydroelectric Project; Karnali Preparation Project resettlement baseline study; Arun-3, Upper Arun Hydroelectric Projects, and Arun-3 Access Road resettlement, land acquisition/compensation components (detailed engineering/feasibility studies); Back-to-Office Report, India: States Road Project, Appraisal Mission, June - July. Assessing resettlement/rehabilitation provisions for land acquisition under proposed States Road Project. Visited Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat. Back-to-Office Report for IDA Mission to Sri Lanka, October. To review progress made on the environmental and resettlement aspects of the pre-feasibility (phase 1) studies of the Kalu Ganga Multipurpose Project; Back-to-Office Report for IDA Mission to Nepal, October - November. Resettlement aspects of preparation of the Arun III Hydroelectric Project; input into TOR of Arun III Management of Basinwide Environmental Impacts Study; supervision of the Marsyangdi Hydroelectric Project; supervision of the Karnali Multipurpose Project.

Academic Honors and Fellowships 1971–75 Title VI National Defense Educational Act Language Program Fellowship
1971 American Institute of Indian Studies Summer Language Program Fellowship
1972 Fulbright Hayes Fellowship; Duke University Research Travel Grant; Shell Foundation Research Fellowship

Professional Societies

Society for Applied Anthropology
Society for International Development
Kappa Delta Pi, Honor Society in Education
Comparative and International Education Society
American Anthropological Association
Washington Association of Professional Anthropologists

References Available upon request.
Personal Data Nationality: USA

Excellent health

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